Hairdressing scissors have been in existence before the birth of Christ for over 3000 years, originating in Egypt. Although the scissors may not have been specifically used for cutting hair, since knives were the more probable tools, they were never the less a significant tool for the future of the hairdressing profession. The earliest known scissors wereused for cutting hair by the Romans in around 100AD. These early tools had two blades with a pivot, predecessor of the modern scissors, and continued to be used until the 16thcentury. They were also commonly used in China, Japan, and Korea, and the idea is still used in almost all modern scissors
The Chinese have been manufacturing scissors since the 1663’s with the Europeans producing them in the 1790’s.Korea is also one of the early manufacturers. A Sheffield Manufacturer William Whiteley & Sons is believed to be trading even earlier and is still manufacturing scissors today. It is the oldest company in the West to do so. The first trade-mark was granted to the company in 1791 The company still trading to this day.
Over the years, scissors have changed to adept to specific uses, and this is more so in the case of haircutting scissors. Hairdressing scissors come with different type of blades in many sizes, with most having a projection or finger rest attached to the finger ring, allowing the user to have greater control and power to cut. There are three types of Hairdressing scissors with a variation of handles and blades manufactured to day - also widely available for Left Handed users.
Cutting: These are used for trimming and cutting. Depending on the type of blades, these are also used for advance cutting techniques like Slicing, wet and dry cuts, blunt cutting, chipping and pointing to name a few
Thinning: Used to trim thick hair and avoid bushy look.
Texturizing: Thinning and blending-in to achieve softer ends. Adds texture and shape.
Hairdressing scissors are generally manufactured from stainless steel. The Japanese manufacturers lead the way in high quality scissors using forged high-grade Japanese sta
The two types of handles widely used today are Level set(symmetrical) and Offset (one handle longer than the other). Each has its advantage depending on the hairstylist’s preference and shape of the hand. The offset handed are the most popular as their shape offers more comfort and is less stressful to the hand.
There are also, usually two types of blades, bevelled and convex. The inside of the convex blades is clam shaped, hollow ground, for a super smooth sharp cut. Both are ideal for slicing, sliding and other advanced techniques. European manufacturers also use micro serrated edges, which grip and stops hair from sliding and are good for beginners. These however cannot be used for sliding, slicing or advanced techniques.
The hairdressing scissors may be a humble pair, but for the hairstylist they are a vital piece of haircutting tool.